HISTORY OF DENTAL TECHNOLOGY

Man has been making dental restorations for health and beauty from the earliest times. The Etruscans made bridgework from ox teeth and used gold in their dentures. Ancient civilizations decorated their teeth with jewels. French goldsmiths used wax impressions made by their customers and in 1806 Guiseppe Angel Fonzi of Paris achieved the first successful formula for porcelain teeth. In the late 1800's, and early 1900's there was a plethora of patent applications from both jewelers and dentists who were experimenting with new materials. In the mid nineteenth century, dental schools in the United States required students to learn prosthetic fabrication techniques. At that time, the laboratory as a separate business enterprise was virtually unknown. By the 1950's, however, more skill and time was required to satisfy an increasingly more demanding public. Dentists providing these services developed reputations as skilled craftsman. Separate laboratories devoted wholly to the production of dental prosthesis began to appear. An evolution occurred where dentists, machinists, and goldsmiths, worked together in an increasingly defined separate industry. The demand for specialized technicians grew, and more and more individuals entered the field directly, trained by existing technicians.

Dental Technology evolved out of dentistry. Today, there remains a high degree of collaboration between the professions of dental technology and dentistry. In the 20th century, dentists have come to rely on the expertise and skill of the dental technician to provide knowledge based, well-constructed, and artful dental appliances.

HISTORY OF DENTAL TECHNOLOGY REGULATION

Dental Technicians have been regulated by statute since 1958. In 1962, an amendment to the Dental Technicians Act allowed registration of technicians as either Dental Technicians or Dental Mechanics. In 1979, the Act was replaced with the Dental Technicians and Denturists Act. In 1990 the Health Professions Act was passed,allowing for the establishment of separated Colleges. In 1995, the Dental Technicians and Denturists Act was repealed under the Health Statues Amendment Act, and the College of Dental Technicians was established. The first set of bylaws proposed under the Health Professions Act was approved by Order in Council on September 11, 1997. The first election was held in 1998.